Indian Police Service (IPS) is the backbone of the internal security of India. It is one among three All India Services (AIS), as envisioned by the Constitution of India. The other two AIS are Indian Forest Services (IFoS) and Indian Administrative Services (IAS). The Constitution of India asks Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to recruit candidates for these services and recommend them to various ministries to the Government of India. Accordingly, UPSC conducts Civil Services Exam to select candidates for IAS, IPS and many other Central Services.
As you can see above, if you are looking forward to become an IPS officer, the first thing you are required to do is to clear the two stages of UPSC Civil Services Examination.
The first stage is UPSC Civil Services Prelims Examination. The Commission has changed the format of this examination and now candidates need to appear for only one paper – General Studies. This stage is a screening one – the purpose is just to select serious candidates for the next stage.
The second stage is Mains, comprising of one comprehensive written examination consisting of only one optional (UPSC has changed the pattern from 2013) and personal interview. The entire process from notification to the final results usually takes around one and half years. After the completion of the entire recruitment process, UPSC recommends candidates for various services and cadres according to their ranking and choice. UPSC follows a complicated rooster system for this allotment.
Now, let us have a look on eligibility criteria required for an IPS officer. If you don’t satisfy any of the following, you can’t become an IPS. Though, you can always select other services if you have cleared Civil Services Exam.
- Height:165 cm (Men) and 150 cm (Women). There are some relaxation for ST and candidates belonging to some particular areas like North East States and Gorkhaland.
- Binocular vision and High Grade Color Vision are required.
- Expandable Chest Girth: Men: 84 cm and Women 79 cm (with expansion of 5cm).
- No problems if you wear spectacles
- Perfect motion in all joints
In the end, you need to remember that there is no exam especially for IPS. It is the UPSC Civil Services examination which is used to select candidates for IPS. Further, be aware that UPSC doesn’t conduct any sort of physical test for IPS. All you need to pass through is a medical test.